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Fabrics

Table of Contents

Commonly used T-shirt fabric

There are many types of T-shirt fabrics, but the common T-shirt fabrics are mainly knitted fabrics. Among knitted T-shirt fabrics, weft knitted fabrics are the main ones. Weft knitted fabrics account for more than 80% of T-shirt fabrics. As the professional t-shirt wholesale supplier and manufacturer, we will introduce below Here are the different types of T-shirt fabrics and the main types of cotton wefts knitted fabrics.

18 types t-shirt fabrics and knit fabric types

Common pure cotton knitted t-shirt fabrics

Leisure T shirts are made of ordinary cotton knitted fabrics, which are comfortable to wear, but slightly poor in briskness. Easy to wrinkle, easy to deform after launching. Mainly to single jersey, rib, double-sided cloth, beads, double beads, etc.

Mercerized cotton T-shirt fabric

The mercerized cotton fabric is made of cotton as the raw material, which is made into high-woven yarn by worsted spinning, and then is made into a smooth, bright, soft and wrinkle-resistant high-quality mercerized yarn through special processing procedures such as singeing and mercerizing. The high-quality knitted fabric made of this raw material not only completely retains the excellent natural characteristics of raw cotton, but also has a silky luster. The fabric feels soft, absorbs moisture and breathes, and has good elasticity and drape. In addition, it is rich in colors and comfortable to wear. And casual, it fully reflects the temperament and taste of the wearer.

Cotton mercerizing fabric

Pure cotton double mercerized t-shirt fabric

Double mercerized = yarn mercerized + fabric mercerized

Pure cotton double mercerized fabric is a “double burnt double silk” pure cotton product, which uses mercerized yarn made by singeing and mercerizing as raw material.

The CAD computer-aided design system and the CAM computer-aided production system can quickly weave the designed pattern fabric. After singeing and mercerizing the grey fabric again, after a series of finishing, this high-end knitted fabric is produced with clear textures on the surface. The pattern is novel, the luster is bright, and the hand feels smooth. It is better than mercerized cotton, but the price is slightly more expensive due to two mercerizing finishing.

Double mercerized cotton knit fabric main used for high quality t-shirts clothing production.

Double mercerized cotton fabric

Super high-count yarn pure cotton t-shirt fabric

This kind of fabric is rarely used by companies, because its price is very expensive. The price of 120’s yarn count cotton T-shirt fabric is as high as 40 US dollar per kilogram, while the price of 200’s yarn count cotton T-shirt fabric is even higher, reaching more than 600 USD one kilogram, and the 250’s yarn count cotton T-shirt fabric costs 1,800 pounds, and there is no technology for producing this fabric in all country, only few countries can do this.

Quality of other T-shirt fabrics

Commonly used fabrics used in the production of T-shirts and cultural shirts also include: pure cotton jersey, polyester-cotton single and double-sided, and pure cotton, polyester-cotton hexagonal, four-corner mesh, herringbone pattern, composite rib, and stripe mesh. The T-shirt fabric made of chemical fiber and cotton blending is not easy to deform, but the wearing comfort is slightly worse than that of pure cotton.

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Different types of wefts knit fabric for t-shirt (Classify by knit structure)

Weft knitted fabrics are made of low-elastic polyester yarns or special-shaped polyester yarns, nylon yarns, cotton yarns, wool yarns, etc., using plain stitches, variable plain stitches, ribbed plain stitches, double ribbed plain stitches, jacquard stitches, wool Loop weave, etc., a fabric woven on various weft knitting machines.

There are many varieties of weft knitted fabrics, which generally have good elastic extensibility, soft fabrics, strong wrinkle resistance, strong wool style, and easy to wash and dry.

Single jersey (Lyra jersey, spandex jersey) T-shirt fabric

Single jersey refers to the production of underwear weft knitting fabric, cloth surface is smooth, clear grain, fine texture, smooth feel, longitudinal and horizontal with good elongation, and transverse than longitudinal elongation, moisture absorption and air permeability is better, used for the production of various styles of sweaters and vests.

The weft plain knitted fabric for the production of T-shirts is generally 80-220 grams per square meter. The cloth surface is smooth, the grain is clear, the texture is fine, and the feel is smooth. The longitudinal and horizontal have good elongation, and the transverse elongation is larger than the longitudinal elongation. Hygroscopicity and permeability is good, but there is detachment and curling, sometimes also produce the phenomenon of coil skew.

Common jersey has bleached jersey, special white jersey, fine bleaching jersey, singed mercerized jersey; According to the dyeing and finishing process, there are plain dye solid jersey fabric, printed jersey and navy stripe jersey. According to the different raw materials used, there are blended jersey, silk jersey, acrylic jersey, polyester jersey, ramie jersey and so on.

cotton jersey fabrics

Pique Polo Shirt fabric

Piqué is a kind of weft knitted fabric. The ingredients can be cotton, blended cotton, or chemical fiber.

The surface of the cloth is porous, like a honeycomb, which is more breathable, moisture permeable, dry and washable than ordinary knitted cloth. Because of its special texture and easy to identify, it is also called “Borobu”.

Because piqués absorb sweat and are not easily deformed, they can’t afford the ball. They are generally used as T-shirts and sportswear. Many big brands of POLO shirts are made of piqué. It can give us a gentle touch and a comfortable enjoyment even in the heat of the day. The appearance is soft and casual, does not deform after washing, and does not deform after washing.

Piqué is a category of weft knitted fabrics on large circular knitting machines. According to the different weaving methods, it can be divided into single bead (four-corner PK) and double bead (hexagonal PK). It is different from ordinary single jersey and double-sided knitting. The disadvantage of wool fabrics is that single-sided fabrics and double-sided fabrics are softer and more skin-friendly, and can be used as t-shirts or lapels. Beads are harder, and they are mostly used to make lapel polo shirts. However, there is also a combined weaving method of cotton covered polyester and polyester covered cotton. The weight (thickness) of the fabric can be increased by adjusting the thread length and needle size. It is suitable for making casual jackets, sportswear, outdoor clothing, etc.

Lacoste/LBDOSTE (polo shirt fabric)

Lacoste is another kind of pique fabric, is also a kind of conventional weft knitted fabric. Lacoste/Lbdoste fabric is mainly used to make POLO T-shirt and long sleeve POLO shirt.

Lacoste cloth surface is porous, like a honeycomb, then ordinary knitted fabric more breathable, moisture, dry and washable. It is also known as the Pineapple because of its distinctive texture, which makes it easy to identify. Because bead cloth absorbs sweat and is not easily deformed, it is generally used for T-shirts and sportswear. Many POLO shirts from major brands are made of beaded fabric. Even in the heat of the day, it can give us a gentle touch, comfortable enjoyment. The appearance is soft and casual, not deformed after washing, not deformed after machine washing.

Interlock (double jersey)

Interlock is also called double jersey, because the cloth surface is flat and the texture on both sides is exactly the same, it is very popular in all kinds of t-shirt production.

The difference between single jersey and interlock fabric is as follows:

  1. Different lines

Single jersey fabrics have obvious undersides, which are the same on each side; interlock fabrics have the same texture on both sides, and both sides are exactly the same.

  1. Different warmth retention

The single jersey cloth is lower in weight, not very warm, and thinner; the interlock cloth is heavier, thicker, and warmer.

Interlock is a kind of weft knitted fabric. Soft and thick, with good horizontal elasticity, it is suitable for sewing underwear and sportswear in spring, autumn and winter. Because only the front loops can be seen on both sides of the fabric, it is also called double-sided fabric.

Cotton wool cloth is a commonly used item in people’s daily life. It is used more and more widely. It is not only limited to making clothes, but can also be used in all aspects of life.

Interlock is double rib knitted fabric, which is a knitted fabric made of two rib weaves compounded with each other. The fabric has a soft hand feel, good elasticity, even cloth surface, clear grain, and stability is better than jersey and rib cloth.

Most of the raw materials of cotton wool fabrics are cotton yarns with a linear density of 14-28 tex, and the twist is slightly smaller than that of jersey yarns to increase the softness of cotton sweaters and trousers. Blended cotton wool fabrics mainly include vinyl cotton blended fabric and chlorine cotton blended fabric, and chemical fiber fabrics include acrylic cotton wool fabric, polyester cotton wool fabric and spandex cotton wool fabric. The striped small squares woven by the striping process are unique; the yarn-dyed process can be used to produce horizontal strips, color strips, thunder flowers and other varieties. Interlock cloth can be used to sew cotton sweaters, sweatshirts, outerwear, vests, briefs, pajamas, etc.

Cotton wool cloth, which is thick, soft, good in warmth, without curling, and has certain elasticity, is widely used to sew cotton sweater pants and sports shirt pants.

Interlock fabric

Rib (1x1 rib, 2x2 rib, 2x3 rib, etc. )

Rib knitted fabric has the dispersibility, hemming and extensibility of plain weave fabric, and also has greater elasticity.

Commonly used on the collar and cuffs of T-shirts, it has a good body-fitting effect and is very elastic (more elastic than stretch cotton), which is mainly used for casual style clothing.

Common ones are 1+1 ribs (flat ribs), 2+2 ribs, and spandex ribs.

Double rib cloth: Ordinary double-sided cloth, also called cotton wool cloth, is composed of two ribs intersecting and compounding. Common ones include cotton wool cloth, needled cotton wool cloth, spandex cotton wool cloth and so on.

There are also many kinds of rib cloth, 1*1 rib cloth, 2*2 rib cloth, 3*3 rib cloth, 1*2 rib cloth, etc. Depending on the machine, there can also be round knitting rib cloth, flat knitting rib cloth, etc., depending on the material If they are different, there are many varieties, almost countless.

rib fabric

Dobby/mini jacquard knit fabrics

Small jacquard fabrics make relevant adjustments in the organizational structure of ordinary knitted fabrics, so that the woven fabrics appear in small pieces of various shapes. These small-shaped patterns and patterns are the jacquard patterns that the designer needs.

Dobby mini jacquard knit fabric

Jacquard knit fabrics

The jacquard is relative to the small jacquard. The jacquard pattern of the jacquard knitted fabric is larger, and the adjustment range made on the loom is larger. Higher-level adjustments can make a larger variety of patterns. The pattern is more abundant.

Sweater knit fabric

The structure of thick-knitted fabrics is the same as that of ordinary knitted fabrics. The main reason is the difference in style. Because the yarn counts of thick-knitted fabrics are relatively thick, the woven fabric texture is rough, the style is more atmospheric, and the air permeability is better. The fabric weight is higher, and thick needle fabric has its unique advantages and characteristics, which is very suitable for thick needle style T-shirts.

Sweater knit fabric

Other weft knit fabric qualities

There are a lot of other wefts knit fabric qualities, such as burnout fabric, yarn dyed fabric, print, foil, etc.

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Contents of different types of knit fabrics and their characteristics

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100% cotton

  1. The characteristics of pure cotton T-shirt fabric: cotton is a hydrophilic fiber with strong water absorption and quick drying. A medium-strength fiber has a tensile strength of 3.5 ~ 4.0g/d, but it will increase its strength by 10% when wet, making it a washable fiber. Good thermal conductivity and no static electricity.
  2. The advantages of pure cotton T-shirt fabric: sweat absorption and heat dissipation, low unit price; good thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity, no static electricity trouble; afraid of acid and alkali, can withstand strong detergent cleaning.
  3. Disadvantages of pure cotton T-shirt fabric: poor stretch elasticity and easy to wrinkle; initial shrinkage will occur when exposed to water, after washing, the whole clothes will be wrinkled, shrink or increase in size; susceptible to mold and moths Infringement; sweat acid will damage the cotton, reduce the strength of the cotton, and it is prone to yellowing.

Long staple cotton

Because of the unique comfort and heat preservation of long-staple cotton fabrics, it is deeply loved and sought after by consumers all over the world. The long-staple cotton fabric has excellent drape, silk-like smoothness and comfort. The long-staple cotton fabric also has high color fastness during use, long-term washing and no fading, abrasion resistance and durability, good wrinkle resistance, not easy to pilling, and breathable Many advantages such as good dehumidification.

Long-staple cotton is named after its longer fiber, and is also called island cotton. It is a cultivated cotton species belonging to the genus Malvaceae.

Features: Excellent quality, soft and long fiber, which is hailed as “the best quality in cotton” by the world.

Uses: Long-staple cotton is the key material for spinning high-count yarns. High-end yarn-dyed, home textiles and other domestic top products and export high-value-added textiles and garments all require the use of long-staple cotton as the main raw material.

Organic cotton

Organic cotton is a kind of pure natural and pollution-free cotton. In agricultural production, organic fertilizer, biological control of pests and diseases, and natural farming management are the main methods. Chemical products are not allowed, and pollution-free during the production and spinning process is also required; it is ecological , Green and environmentally friendly; the fabric made of organic cotton has bright luster, soft feel, excellent resilience, drape, and abrasion resistance; has unique antibacterial and deodorant properties; relieves allergic symptoms and relieves normal fabrics Skin discomfort symptoms, such as rash; it is more conducive to caring for children’s skin care; summer use makes people feel particularly cool. It is fluffy and comfortable to use in winter and can remove excess heat and moisture from the body.

Pima, supima cotton

Pima cotton, also called Pima cotton (Supima/Pima cotton), is mainly grown in the United States, Peru; Small amounts are also grown in other places, such as Israel and Australia, as super-long fiber cotton in fine lint. In the United States, cotton that is 13/8 inches or longer is generally considered to be better than horse cotton or extra-long fiber cotton.

The history of Pima cotton can be traced back to its ancestor, cotton grown on the famous islands of the southwestern United States in the 1700s. The cotton was grown with Egyptian cotton to produce what was then known as extra-long cotton, which evolved at the turn of the 20th century.

There are also other types cotton, such as Egyptian, Sea Island, and American Pima Cotton.

Cotton/Polyester Blends ( CVC60/40 CVC 80/20)

CVC fabric (chief value of cotton) is a fabric with only two components, polyester and cotton, when the cotton content is equal to or more than 50%. Has good abrasion resistance and wrinkle resistance.

It has good abrasion resistance and wrinkle resistance, but because the polyester fiber is a hydrophobic fiber, it has a strong affinity for oil stains and is easy to absorb oil stains. It is also easy to generate static electricity during wearing and attract dust. It is difficult to wash. The advantage is that the finished product is not Easy to deform, especially in the case of machine washing.

Polyester/cotton (T/C 65/35, T/C 70/30)

“Polyester cotton” and “cotton polyester”, the order of the two words is changed into two different fabrics. “Polyester-cotton” fabric means that the composition of polyester is more than 60%, and the composition of cotton is less than 40%, also called TC; “cotton polyester” is just the opposite, which means that the composition of cotton is more than 60%, and the composition of polyester is 40%. Hereafter, it is also called CVC.

Advantage

It not only highlights the style of polyester but also has the advantages of cotton fabrics. It has good elasticity and abrasion resistance in dry and wet conditions, stable dimensions, low shrinkage, and has the characteristics of being tall and straight, not easy to wrinkle, easy to wash, and quick-drying.

Disadvantage

The polyester fiber in polyester-cotton is a hydrophobic fiber. It has a strong affinity for oil stains and is easy to absorb oil stains. It is also easy to generate static electricity during wearing and attract dust. It is difficult to wash, and it cannot be ironed with high temperature and soaked in boiling water.

Polyester

Polyester fabric is a kind of chemical fiber used in daily life.

Features

  1. Polyester fabric has high strength and elastic recovery ability, so it is durable, wrinkle-resistant and non-ironing.
  2. Polyester fabric has poor hygroscopicity, and it has a stuffy feeling when worn in summer. At the same time, it is easy to be charged with static electricity in winter, which affects comfort. However, it is very easy to dry after washing, and the wet strength hardly drops, does not deform, and has good wash and wear properties.
  3. Polyester is the best heat-resistant fabric among synthetic fabrics. It is thermoplastic and can be made into pleated skirts with long-lasting pleats.
  4. Polyester fabric has good light resistance. In addition to being worse than acrylic, its light resistance is better than natural fiber fabrics. Especially the light fastness behind the glass is very good, almost on par with acrylic fiber.
  5. Polyester fabric has good resistance to various chemicals. Acids and alkalis do not damage them much, and they are not afraid of molds and insects.
  6. The price is much cheaper than cotton.
poly yarn

Rayon( viscose) viscose is the filament yarn rayon is spun yarn

Rayon( viscose) viscose is the filament yarn rayon is spun yarn

Viscose fiber is a cellulose fiber. It is produced with natural fibers (wood fibers, cotton linters) as raw materials.

Ordinary viscose fiber has good hygroscopicity, is easy to dye, is not easy to generate static electricity, and has good spinnability. The short fiber can be spun purely or blended with other textile fibers. The fabric is soft, smooth, good in air permeability, comfortable to wear, bright in color after dyeing, and good in color fastness. It is suitable for making underwear, outerwear and various decorative articles. Filament fabrics are light and thin, and can be used as clothing materials to weave quilts and decorative fabrics. The disadvantages of this type of viscose fiber are poor fastness, low wet modulus, high shrinkage rate and easy deformation, poor elasticity and wear resistance.

Modal fibre

Modal fiber is a kind of cellulosic fiber, which belongs to the same cellulosic fiber as man-made cotton, and is pure man-made fiber. It is made from wood pulp from shrubs produced in Europe and then through a special spinning process. Modal products are mostly used for their own good softness and excellent hygroscopicity but poor fabric stiffness. Production of underwear. Mostly used in fashion t-shirt.

Bamboo fibre

Bamboo fiber is cellulose fiber extracted from bamboo that grows naturally. The raw bamboo fiber has the characteristics of good air permeability, instant water absorption, strong abrasion resistance and good dye-ability. It has natural antibacterial, antibacterial, anti-mites, anti-odor and anti-ultraviolet functions.

Nylon

Nylon is a higher-quality chemical textile fiber. Nylon fabric is also commonly referred to as nylon. It is mostly used for sports T-shirts or functional T-shirts.

Polyamide is mainly used for synthetic fibers. Its most outstanding advantage is that its abrasion resistance is higher than all other fibers, 10 times higher than cotton, 20 times higher than wool, and a little polyamide fiber is added to the blended fabric. Greatly improve its wear resistance; when stretched to 3-6%, the elastic recovery rate can reach 100%; it can withstand tens of thousands of times of bending without breaking.

The strength of polyamide fiber is 1-2 times higher than cotton, 4-5 times higher than wool, and 3 times stronger than viscose fiber. However, polyamide fiber has poor heat resistance and light resistance, and poor retention. The clothes made of polyamide are not as firm as polyester. In addition, nylon-66 and nylon-6 used for clothing have the disadvantages of poor hygroscopicity and dyeability. For this reason, new varieties of polyamide fibers-nylon-3 and nylon-4 new polyamide fibers have been developed. Light weight, excellent wrinkle resistance, good air permeability, good durability, dyeability and heat setting characteristics, so it is considered to be very promising.

Mulberry silk

The advantages of real silk fabrics:

  1. It is comfortable to wear on the body; 2. It can block ultraviolet rays; 3. It is highly hygroscopic.
  2. Very comfortable to wear on the body: The silk fabric is soft in texture, and after being made into clothes, it is very comfortable to wear on the body.
  3. It can block ultraviolet rays: the ultraviolet rays in summer are very strong. If you wear a dress made of silk fabrics, it can resist ultraviolet rays well.
  4. High moisture absorption: Silk fabric can absorb moisture in the air. At room temperature, it can help the skin retain moisture and avoid the formation of dry skin.

Disadvantages of silk fabrics:

The care of silk fabrics is troublesome, so you must be very careful when washing, so it is troublesome to clean silk fabrics.

mulberry silk

Linen fibre

Due to its good hygroscopicity, fast moisture conduction, and relatively small diameter, it is one of the main fiber raw materials for spring and summer clothes. Usually, the cloth woven from flax fibers is called flax fabric.

Linen fabric has the functions of temperature regulation, anti-allergic, anti-static and anti-bacterial. Because linen has good moisture absorption and can absorb water equivalent to 20 times its own weight, linen fabric feels dry and dry. Nowadays, anti-wrinkle, non-iron linen products. The birth and the emergence of blended products have further expanded the flax product market. Internationally, the weaving of linen is mostly projectile looms and rapier looms. Products include delicate and elegant linen handkerchiefs, shirting materials, crepes, fancy yarn products, sportswear, and linen and wool blended products.

Spandex /Lycra stretch t-shirt fabrics

The characteristic of pure cotton fabric is that it feels good, comfortable and environmentally friendly to wear, but it is easy to wrinkle. Adding a small amount of spandex/lycra yarn can significantly change the physical properties of the fabric, greatly increase the elasticity of the fabric, while maintaining the texture and comfort of pure cotton.

In addition, the neckline and cuffs are generally made of elastic fabrics with spandex or lycra. Ordinary spandex rib fabrics are 1X1, 2X2, etc. The cuff collars of POLO T-shirts are generally made of flat knitting collars. Most of the flat knitting collars are added Spandex and other elastic yarns are in the weaving process. Adding spandex to the neckline can prevent the neckline from becoming loose and deformed and maintain the lasting elasticity of the neckline.

Cost of different types of knit t-shirt fabrics

Price/cost go from low to high for different contents of t-shirt fabrics

(Cheaper)Polyester – rayon/viscose- cotton – modal – silk (most expensive)

Price/cost go from low to high for different color effect technical of t-shirt fabrics

(Cheapest)Sold-print(pigment print – active print)-jacquard-yarn dyed stripe/jacquard- foil(most expensive)

Normally the cost will as above but the actual cost of each fabric qualities will depend on the actual construction, color, finishing etc.

Author of this article has more than 20 years experiences work for garment fabrics and garment production, if you have any questions about fabrics and bulk production, welcome to contact with him.

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Color of various of t-shirt fabrics, color technical of different types of knit fabrics

Solid dye

Tie dye knit fabric

Print

Yarn dyed

Brun out knit fabric

Types of yarn for different types of fabrics

Combed cotton yarn and carded cotton

T-shirt cotton yarn can be divided into carded and combed yarn.

Carded yarn: refers to the yarn spun by the carded spinning process, also called uncombed yarn.

Combed yarn: refers to the yarn produced by using high-quality cotton fiber as the raw material and adding a combing process to that of carded yarn during spinning. The surface of the fabric is relatively neat, and the hand feels very soft.

Ring spinning yarn

The sliver or roving fiber sliver after being drafted is introduced through the ring traveler rotation, the bobbin winding speed is faster than the traveler, and the cotton yarn is twisted to make a spun yarn. The ring spinning is relatively tight, while the air spinning is relatively fluffy and style Rough, suitable for denim fabrics, air-spun yarns are generally thicker.

The sliver or roving fiber sliver after being drafted is introduced through the rotation of the ring traveler, the bobbin winding speed is faster than the traveler, and the cotton yarn is twisted to make a spun yarn. It is widely used in various short fiber spinning projects. Rupu Combing, combing and blending, the traveler is driven by the bobbin through the yarn to rotate around the ring. At the same time, the friction of the ring makes the speed slightly lower than the bobbin to get the winding. High spinning speed, ring-spun yarn The shape of the fiber is a conical spiral with mostly internal and external transfer, which makes the fiber entangled and connected in the yarn. The structure of the yarn is tight and the strength is high. It is suitable for various products such as thread making, weaving and knitting.

Open end spinning yarn

The core is a rotor. The fiber sliver is input from the feeding roller and the plate, and is opened by a high-speed small squeegee roller (opening roller) into a single fiber. The negative air pressure in the spinning cup makes the single fiber enter the air flow through the conveying pipe. Entering into the spinning cup, under the action of the centrifugal force of the high-speed rotation of the cup, it closely adheres to the cohesive groove at the maximum inner diameter of the rotor along the smooth inner wall to form a ring-shaped fiber strip. When spinning and splicing, the yarn is trailed into the airflow. Put in from the yarn-drawing tube, the same is attached to the cohesive groove due to the centrifugal effect of the rotor, so that the yarn tail is connected with the fiber strip. When the yarn is pulled out of the spinning cup, the fiber strip leaves the cohesive groove with the yarn tail and is received at the same time. The high-rotation rotation of the spinning cup is twisted into yarn, which is pulled out by the output roller through the twist stopper and the yarn take-up tube, and the tube is driven by the groove tube to wind into a package. Suitable for spinning short fibers, medium thick special yarns, and clean fiber strips And uniform, the yarn has more twists, and its shape is different from ring spinning. In appearance, air spinning has a high twist. The yarn core is surrounded by a layer of fibers with low twist. The yarn is formed from the axis to the surface. The air spinning yarn is multi-purpose It is used to make corduroy, denim, yarn-dyed velvet and printed velvet, etc.

4-basic specifications to fix a fabric quality

The GSM( square gram weight of the fabric), what is the gram weight?

GSM means gram per square meter, means the fabric weight, that is generally used to indicate the thickness of the fabric, the greater the weight, the thicker the clothes. The weight of a T-shirt is generally between 160GSM and 220 GSM. Too thin will be very transparent, and too thick will be stuffy. Generally, it is better to choose between 180-280 GSM. (Short-sleeved T-shirts are generally based on 180-220 GSM. This thickness is just right. Long-sleeved T-shirts generally choose 260 GSM of fabric, which is a thicker type).

Yarn count, what is yarn count?

Definition: The number of length yards of cotton yarn with a nominal weight of one pound.

Coarse count yarn: pure cotton yarn with 18’S counts or less, mainly used for weaving thick fabrics or piled looped cotton fabrics.

Middle count yarn: 19-29’S count pure cotton yarn. Mainly used for knitted garments with general requirements.

Fine yarn: pure cotton yarn with 30-60’S counts. Mainly used for high-grade knitted cotton fabrics.

The higher the number, the softer the T-shirts are generally 21’S and 40’S.

The density of the fabric, what is the density of the fabric?

The density of the textile fabric refers to the number of yarns in a fixed length of the cloth (woven) or the number of loops in a fixed length of the cloth (knitting). The higher the density of the fabric, the finer the yarn count, the tighter the fabric structure and the greater the fabric weight on the contrary, the lower the density, the thicker the fabric yarn count and the looser the structure.

Fabric width?

The fabric width refers to the edge-to-edge width of the finished fabric. There are usually full width and effective width. The effective width is also called cut-able width.

Apparelcn weft knitted fabric standard specifications

Apparelcn weft knitting fabric standard specification
Standard for finish knitted fabric
          
Fabric NameYarn CountsCylinderTotal NeedleWidth CM   (Cuttable)Weight   g/m2Shrinkage   (tumble dry)Max feeder stripe repeat size(cm)
Jersey40S/1TK28G34″2940N68±1″120±5%-5%X-5%hang dry4.8
  28G30″2580N58±1″120±5%-9%X-9%4.2
          
Jersey32S/1TK28G30″2580N64±1″140±5%-8%X-8%4.3
  28G30″2580N66±1″130±5%-9%X-9%4.4
 30S/1TK28G30″258064±1″145±5%-5%X-5%hang dry4.3
          
Jersey26S/1TK24G30″2220N61±1″160±5%-8%X-8%4.6
  24G34″2520N67±1″160±5%-5%X-5%hang dry5.2
          
 20S/1TK24G30″2220N66±1″190±5%-5%X-5%hang dry5
  24G30″2220N70±1″180±5%-8%X-8%5.2
          
Jersey16S/1TK22G30″2088N70±1″220±5%-8%X-8%5.4
  20G30″1860N62±1″220±5%-8%X-8%5.4
          
Jersey40S/1X2TK24G30″2220N68±1″190±5%-5%X-5%hang dry2.6
          
Jersey30S/1X2TK20G34″2112N71±1″240±5%-8%X-8%3
  20G30″1860N64±1″240±5%-8%X-8%2.6
          
Jersey20S/1X2TK16G30″1500N63±1″290±5%-8%X-8%3.3
          
pique28S/1PIMA cotton24G30″2220N72±1″170±5%-7%X-7%hang dry2.8
          
pique26S/1TK22G30″2088N75±1″180±5%-7%X-7%hang dry2.9
          
pique20S/1TK20G30″1860N75±1″220±5%-9%X-9%3.1
  18G30″1680N68±1″220±5%-9%X-9%3.1
          
pique40S/2TK18G30″1680N68±1″210±5%-8%X-8%3.2
          
pique40S/1X2TK20G30″1860N72±1″210±5%-7%X-7%hang dry1.6
          
Lacoste32S/1TK24G30″2220N73±1″170±5%-7%X-7%hang dry2.5
          
Lacoste24S/1TK24G30″2220N82±1″200±5%-10%X-10%2.5
          
Lacoste20S/1TK18G30″1680N71±1″220±5%-10%X-10%2.9
          
Lacoste40S/2TK18G30″1680N71±1″215±5%-7%X-7%hang dry2.9
          
Interlock60S/1TK28G34″2976N62±1″145±5%-5%X-5%hang dry2.3
          
Interlock40S/1TK24G34″2544N65±1″195±5%-8%X-8%2.5
  28G34″2976N74±1″200±5%-8%X-8%2.5
          
Interlock32S/1TK24G34″2544N69±1″230±5%-8%X-8%2.7
  24G34″2544N71±1″220±5%-8%X-8%2.9
          
Interlock20S/1TK18G34″1920N63±1″310±5%-5%X-5%hang dry3
          
1X1 RIB40S/1TK18G34″1920N60±1″145±5%-12%X-12%3.9
          
1X1 RIB32S/1TK18G34″1920N64±1″180±5%-8%X-8%4
          
1X1 RIB26S/1TK18G34″1920N67±1″220±5%-8%X-8%4
          
1X1 RIB20S/1TK15G34″1596N64±1″250±5%-8%X-8%4.5
  15G34″1596N63±1″260±5%-8%X-8%4.4
          
2X2 RIB40S/1TK18G34″1920N37±1″150±5%-12%X-12%4.4
          
2X2 RIB32S/1TK18G34″1920N39±1″190±5%-5%X-5%hang dry4.1
          
2X2 RIB26S/1TK18G34″1920N42±1″220±5%-10%X-12%4.4
2X2 RIB26S/1TK18G34″1920N41±1″225±5%-10%X-12%4.2
          
2X2RIB20S/1TK18G34″1920N48±1″275±5%-10%X-12%4.3
          
French Terry30S/1TK+18S/1TK(43.5%)24G30″2220N67±1″200±5%-5%X-5%hang dry2.4
          
French Terry20S/1TK+20S/1TK20G30″1860N63±1″235±5%-5%X-5%hang dry2.5
          
3X1 Terry32S/1X2TK+16S/1TK(33%)20G30″1860N68±1″295±5%-5%X-5%hang dry2
          
3X1 Terry32S/1X2TK+10S/1TK(43%)20G30″1860N71±1″335±5%-5%X-5%hang dry2.1
          
4X1 Terry32S/1TK+50DT+10S/1CVC60/40 (32S 40.8%/50D 9.4%/10S 49.8%)22G30″2088N74±1″280±5%-7%X-7%2.2
          
2X1 Terry Fleece32S/1TK+75DT+12S/1CVC80/20 (12S 44%/32S 42.1%/75D 13.9%)22G30″2088N71±1″280±5%-7%X-7%2.1
          
spandex 1X1 RIB32S/1TK+70D (4%)18G34″1920N65±1″260±5%-8%X-8%3
  18G34″1920N63±1″260±5%-5%X-5%hang dry3
          
spandex 1X1 RIB20S/1TK+70D (2.5%)15G34″1596N65±1″330±5%-8%X-8%3.6
          
spandex 2X2 RIB30S/1TK+70D (4.3%)18G34″1920N41±1″260±5%-8%X-8%3.5
spandex 2X2 RIB32S/1TK+40D(2.5%)18G34″1920N39±1″240±5%-8%X-8%3.7
          
spandex 2X2 RIB20S/1TK+70D (2.5%)18G34″1920N44±1″380±5%-8%X-8%3.9
spandex 2X2 RIB20S/1TK+40D (1.9%)18G34″1920N45±1″340±5%-8%X-8%4
          
spandex Interlock40S/1TK+30D (4%)24G34″2544N60±1″260±5%-7%X-7%2.3
          
spandex Interlock32S/1TK+40D (4.5%)24G34″2544N62±1″290±5%-7%X-7%2.7
          
spandex Jersey40S/1TK+40D (9.5%)28G34″2940N68±1″220±5%-5%X-5%hang dry3.1
          
spandex Jersey40S/1TK+30D (7.5%)28G30″2580N62±1″180±5%-5%X-5%hang dry3.3
  28G30″2580N62±1″190±5%-6%X-6%3
          
spandex Jersey40S/1TK+20D (5%)24G34″2520N60±1″160±5%-5%X-5%hang dry3.9
 40S/1TK+20D (4.6%)28G34″2940N68±1″175±5%-7%X-7%3.6
          
spandex Jersey32S/1TK+40D (7.6%)24G30″2220N61±1″225±5%-7%X-7%3.4
  24G34″2520N67±1″210±5%-7%X-7%4
  28G30″2580N67±1″220±5%-7%X-7%3.5
          
spandex Jersey32S/1TK+30D (6.5%)24G30″2220N62±1″200±5%-8%X-8%3.6
          
spandex Jersey32S/1TK+20D (3.76%)24G30″2220N61±1″185±5%-8%X-8%3.8
          
spandex pique30S/1TK+40D (4%)24G30″2220N72±1″230±5%-8%X-8%2.4
  22G30″2088N67±1″230±5%-8%X-8%2.3
  20G30″1860N60±1″230±5%-8%X-8%2.4
          
spandex French Terry32S/1TK+40D (5.36%)24G30″2220N62±1″250±5%-7%X-7%1.9

If you want to download this weft knitting fabric standard specification file, please click below download button. 
Download weft knitted fabric standard specification file! +

Commonly used weft knitted fabric names

01 Jersey

02 Velur

03 Lycra Jersey

04 Auto Velour

05 Single Jacquard

06 Auto Lycra Jersey

07 Pique

08 Jacquards Pique

09 Pique with Lycra

10 Auto Lycra 2X2 Rib

11 Lacoste, LBDOSTE

12 Auto Lycra Interlock

13 Interlock, double jersey

14 Auto Double Pique

15 Drop Needle Interlock

16 Auto Jacquard Pique

17 Double Jacquard

18 Auto Single Fleece Inlay

19 Fleece, Brushed fleece

20 Auto Lacoste Fleece, French Terry

21 Auto 3X1 Rib D.Fleece

Micro Fleece

22 Auto 2X1 Double Fleece

23 Inlay Terry

24 Auto 1X1 Double Fleece

25 Pique French Terry

26 Pique With Jersey

27 Interloop Inlay

28 Auto Stripe 2X2 Rib

29 Terry Towelling

30 Auto Milano Rib Cardigar

31 Polar Fleece

32 Auto Interlock baxsest

33 1X1Rib, 2×2 rib, 1×2 rib, 2×3 rib

34 Auto Dorp Needle Rib

35 Lycra 2X2 Rib

36 Auto Dorp N. Interlock

37 Drop Needle 1X1 Rib

38 Auto Thermal Clote

39 2X2 Rib

40 Lycra 2X2 Rib

41 French Rib

42 Auto Interlock Rib

43 Jacquard Double Rib

44 Auto Single Creep

45 Auto Jersey

46 Auto Single herringbone

47 Auto Stripe Pique

48 Auto Single Twill

49 Auto Stripe 1X1Rib

50 Auto Single Honeycombs

51 Auto Stripe Interlock

52 Auto Single Mesh Eyelet

53 Auto Single Jacquard

54 Auto Stripe Ripple

55 Auto feed stripe Computer Double jacquard

56 Auto Stripe Blister

57 Auto Towel

58 Waffle / Thermal

59 Auto French Rib Reversible

60 Auto Structural Rib

61 Auto Lycra 1X1 Rib

62 Auto Lycra Pique

Author of this article has more than 20 years experiences work for garment fabrics and garment production, if you have any questions about fabrics and bulk production, welcome to contact with him.

Contact the weft knitting fabric supplier in China for support! +

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2 Comments

  1. Thank you so much.
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    • Thanks for your affirmation.
      If you have any questions about the different kinds of t-shirt fabrics and other fabric technical or requirements, I’m glad to provide you full support or help.

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