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Clothing manufacturer service

Ultimate garment factory introduction and factory management with video

Garment factory is equipped with a full set of modern clothing (tat) manufacturing equipment more than 120 sets, with high-speed flat sewing machine, overlock sewing machine (three to five line, cutting bed, large wet ironing table of pumping equipment, special machine has a round head keyhole machine, flat head keyhole machine, high-speed electronic bar tacking machine, nail machine, pry edge machine, double needle sewing machine, computer automatic attach sleeve machine, drum three stitch machine, double chain sewing machine. The construction of garment factories should take full account of the combination of production and learning, give full play to the advantages of talents and equipment technology, provide technical support for enterprises, and solve the technical problems in the production process of textile and garment enterprises. At the same time, with the development of large clothing enterprises, to adapt to, influence and guide the construction and development of regional economy.

The basic requirements

Basic requirements of a clothing company:

Garment factory

  1. Design power (designer, design director, etc.)
  2. Production force (self-establishment of plant, equipment, personnel, or find a suitable processing plant)
  3. Sales force (pioneering marketing people, preferably if they have a potential customer base)
  4. Liquidity (set according to your size, this is your own)

Complete procedures (business license, industrial and commercial tax, etc.)

One of the above five things is impossible, including the managers responsible for each project.

Garment company is a collection of clothing design, production, service as one of the professional enterprises.

As a professional garment design, production and service enterprise, we should always adhere to the business purpose of “honest management, ethical business, making classics, creating perfection”. Rely on the exquisite technology, advanced equipment, strict management and considerate after-sales service as factories and mines, Banks, hotels, schools, hospitals, and the collective enterprise group, etc. Series of professional clothing, with stable product quality, quick delivery support, fine craftsmanship, ensure the delivery time, and thoughtful customer service won the majority of customers trust and praise.

And the company should have an experienced professional body team, tailored for the customer’s enterprise sector, a set of service concepts for various industries; What should be fully reflected is the design concept in the customer concentric, through the professional clothing industry, constantly shaping the logo image of the unit, highlighting the personality characteristics and cultural connotation of different industries, with a unique cultural design and classic perfect modeling, enhance the professional temperament of the industry wearers, fully show the spiritual outlook of the industry.

Garment companies should always adhere to the first-class management, first-class quality, first-class service, continuous production of classic, and constantly shape the perfect service concept, to win the support and reputation of customers and friends.

Bulk clothing order production merchandiser

1, Read the order information clothing after receiving the order information, carefully check whether the information is complete and accurate. The order information is the only basis for the merchandiser to follow up the order. Only the complete information can ensure the follow-up of the order. Check the specific content of the analysis data: a) whether the data is complete b) whether the text description is consistent with the style drawing 1 c) the confirmation surface and accessories d) check the embroidery printing and other design elements e) understand the special requirements of customers.

  1. Make orders, check and send. Documentary research order information, make a list, list the required surface accessories and with good, to the board room to play pattern and do, do a good job after the washing department to wash water, wash back after the board room to do the whole and inspection, technical department check OK after sending to customers for approval. At the same time, according to the materials reported by the office, I sorted out the material cost table in two copies, one for the documentary staff, the other for the cost accounting and preparation of ordering materials. A) Preliminary: the purpose is to let the customer confirm whether the style and shape of the clothing is accurate, whether the design style is consistent, whether the sewing process meets the requirements, etc. The production office can be made of alternative materials. The number of production offices depends on customer demand. B) Bulk delivery: it is the sample clothing confirmed by the customer last time before the production of the order. Therefore, the production requirements of the mass delivery are relatively high. The face and accessories in the order shall be used, and the specifications required to be made are full color and full size. Only after the confirmation of the customer can the bulk goods office enter the production of the bulk goods. C) Detailed rules of sample inspection: mainly check the material and color of the surface and accessories of the sample clothes, and check the style. Inspect dimensions, specifications, packaging, etc. The specification range of each part of the finished garment must meet the tolerance range required by the customer. The style and shape must be checked one by one according to the style drawing and style description in the process document. The inspection of the sewing process shall be carried out.

3.Order large goods surface, auxiliary materials, quotation, inspection and documentary in accordance with the customer’s order quantity and customer provided information, calculate clearly the amount of each material, and follow up the customer directly provided surface, and material as soon as possible. When supplying materials in Hong Kong, we will ask for the price from the customer and input it into the XXXX system. [Without the use of the system of their own order] In principle, except for the customer’s material supply, other materials by the procurement department unified procurement, the Merchandiser will submit the detailed information to the procurement department, the procurement department will carry out the bulk surface accessories procurement. However, due to the tight delivery schedule and other reasons, some materials will be purchased by the merchandiser himself. Purchasing materials by following orders, select and contact suppliers, input the price into the system, print out the purchase order, give it to suppliers, inform the quantity and delivery date. Merchandise all the material prices into the system, calculate the total price, submit to the group leader and general manager for approval, the production can be carried out after passing. After the bulk fabric and materials are returned to the factory, the warehouse inspector shall inspect the bulk fabric and provide a cloth inspection report, and a copy shall be given to the customer. The merchandiser will follow up the inspection report and cut both the cloth and the shrunk cloth. Those who want to wash water should be handed over to the washing department to wash water according to the customer’s requirements. After back to factory by radical, divide a LOT color do/customer approval (some customers is the requirement of the whole cloth seal from head cloth, to group of color, and requirements before washing and after washing, but some are not, according to the requirements of the guests, and should pay attention to the face of positive and negative of cloth, the edge off color, pour wool, etc.) and then according to the sampling of materials, a preliminary calculation of the single cloth, Add cut or reduce cut to the customer for confirmation, the merchandiser must sort out the documents and material cards before mass production, and distribute them to relevant departments before cutting. Material management control: a material follows up sheet must be made to follow up. After each single material returned to the factory, make the detailed registration clearly, and check whether the specification and quantity of the material is correct, have the ability to deal with the material quality and quantity distribution and material difference, and have the material control ability. Save the company’s cost, and send a material release list to the warehouse and workshop before the material release of large goods, for the reference of material release and material use. Responsible for making up the insufficient material to ensure the production needs. Approval of materials and notification of cutting: check whether the material of the bulk goods is the same as that quoted to the customer, calculate the amount of cloth, whether it is sufficient. If there is more/less, ask the guest if they can reduce/increase the size. In case of embroidery/printing, it is necessary to sort out the embroidery and printing pattern and check it correctly before sending it out.

Garment order production

After the batch version is OK, the next production of large goods, first of all with the production department schedule, standard sample do back to the factory, according to the customer’s comments, requirements and sample do, the production of large goods production list, to the technical department for review. Call factory management, QC and customer QC for pre-production meeting. Check whether the production process sheet of the factory is consistent with the customer’s standard. The key points of check include: whether the material and color of the surface and auxiliary materials are correct; Style correctly note: the process of production, deliver information QC, by QC to follow up production quality control to follow up production progress, completes promptly coordination and communication between customer requirements and production workshop, in case of the guest change, need to convey to the relevant department at the first time, and keep the latest version of the information, ready to sign for record. Found the situation that fails to meet the requirements of the production plan, report to the superior department to supervise the solution, and understand the production reality of the department, in order to complete the scheduled tasks and ensure the delivery time and quality. Bulk goods need to be delayed due to objective problems, it is necessary to write down the reason for the period and the delivery date after the period, discuss with the customer, request reply as soon as possible, the customer needs to send an email/book to sign back face to face. When washing finished products, the workshop must wash several pieces as soon as possible to understand the size and effect of washing. At the same time, the customer should approve whether the color of washing water is OK. After acceptance, the bulk goods can be washed. If there are too many defective products found in the finished products after general inspection, each product should be checked. If there are slight defective products, they can be sent away. If there are serious defective products, which department is responsible for tracing the parties involved in the department and notifying the production director?

Packaging and shipping

Packaging Office: Before bulk packaging, check the first packaging office to ensure that the materials are complete and the packaging method is correct before packaging. If a customer requires approval before proceeding with bulk packaging, it must be packaged in advance. Samples are given to customers to approve. Actively prepare and cooperate with customers’ initial inspection, intermediate inspection, and final inspection, and feedback customer inspection information to various departments. After the finished product is produced, the ship will be picked up or received to the customer according to the customer’s requirements. The purpose is to let the customer know the production situation and order quality of the bulk goods in advance. The number of samples is determined according to the customer’s requirements. And it is necessary to complete the commodity inspection information one week before the shipment and submit it to the customs broker for commodity inspection. What information is required for the commodity inspection should be provided after the customs broker. After passing the inspection, the customer shall verify the quantity of the shipment, organize the packing list and the shipping notice, and report to the relevant department that the shipment can be arranged. Data sorting and storage: After shipment, sort out and save the relevant production materials and standard samples. In case of sub-distribution and unqualified materials, sort out the data and report to the customer, so as to arrange the return to the customer and correct the deficiencies in the production Place, so as not to be unclear when reordering. Note: Many problems are not static, each order has a different approach, which should be based on the actual situation and customer requirements.

Management people in different position

For the smooth operation of the factory and the normal operation of the factory, these rules are hereby written:

Staff code

  1. All workers in our factory must abide by this code
  2. Work on time, do not be late early, something to the factory, the team leader leave
  3. Obey the arrangement of the factory and listen to the transfer
  4. Do a good job conscientiously and do everything well
  5. Strengthen unity and give play to the spirit of teamwork
  6. Do not fight or organize others to strike
  7. Help each other develop skills
  8. Respect each other and reflect the corporate culture

Be honest and enterprising

  1. Fire prevention and theft is everyone’s responsibility
  2. If you want to resign, you must apply in writing half a month in advance
  3. Open mind, recognize the form, and keep pace with the development of the factory

Factory director responsibility system

  1. Carefully investigate the market, combine with the actual situation of the factory, do a good job of production scheduling and arrangement, and do a good job of human resources management
  2. Handle the handover work between different departments carefully
  3. Can handle emergency independently
  4. Organize the workers to complete the production tasks
  5. Adjust the normal production operation of the whole plant

Our workers improve their skills, quantity and quality

  1. With pioneering and innovative spirit, grasp the market well
  2. Adjust the contradictions between the workers and the factory
  3. Manage external partnerships
  4. Report the daily production and operation of the factory
  5. Keep track of attendance
  6. Urge all departments to complete tasks and lead the whole factory to success

Designer Responsibility System

  1. Carefully investigate the market, predict the trend, and grasp the popular market
  2. Make drawings carefully, and make clear the main parts
  3. Carefully check the application and collocation of surface and accessories
  4. Carefully study the matching and application of accessories and colors
  5. Coordinated the sample making and completed the design tasks
  6. View. Investigate the completed work.Do a good job of modification, lean to save precision
  7. Strive to improve the design level and complete the design tasks

Pattern maker responsibility system

  1. Carefully, carefully, see clearly, understand, effect drawing, sample, design good shape, size and specifications
  2. Decompose each line according to the clothing principle, and make the structure reasonable
  3. The sample should conform to the modeling effect
  4. The cutting board and process board should be complete, no more and no less
  5. Do a good job of cooperation, enthusiastic cooperation, modeling, sample, complete the design tasks
  6. Reasonable technical standards for construction
  7. Instruct workers to carry out production

Arbitrating personnel responsibility system

  1. Carefully check the fabric, check the fabric defects, color difference, quantity and width, and make good records
  2. Carefully check the sample of good clothes, not less or more pieces
  3. The painting skin is important, accurate, good, scientific and reasonable, the lines should be clear, and the line should be marked
  4. The fabric with different width and width should be cut separately
  5. After painting the face and before cutting, make sure to check the sample to avoid loopholes
  6. The material should be laid neatly, the top and bottom should be consistent, and the defects should be placed in small pieces
  7. Check whether the surface is aligned with the paving material before cutting
  8. When cutting, pay attention to the fox, the upper and lower layers are consistent, the knife edge and the positioning eye
  9. Carefully clean up the garment pieces, examine the film and subcontract
  10. Record the quantity and number of the plates and make sure the distribution is correct
  11. Do a good job of sample management
  12. Do a good job of cleaning the room

Technician responsibility system

  1. Recognize the shape and structure and cut the pieces
  2. Make samples carefully and do a good job in each process
  3. Study the characteristics of the fabric well, and use new methods and new processes
  4. Carefully record the sample process, so as to better guide the production
  5. Supervise and check the technical standards of semi-finished products, and deal with problems found in time
  6. Make process technical documents
  7. Make technological innovation
  8. Carefully guide workers in production

Quality inspector responsibility system

  1. Get to know the production samples and the process requirements and technical standards of each part of the production samples
  2. Guided the process production and checked the semi-finished products to avoid a large number of reverse work
  3. Carefully check the finished products, according to the quality standards of the product, check the product parts, sizes, lines, defects, process requirements, no omissions, less checks, to do no oil stains, dirty stains, line, process line straight
  4. Urge the workers to reverse work in time and keep the reverse work records
  5. Make acceptance records
  6. Do a good job of handover, and the handover quantity with the Turner and the end is accurate
  7. Quality is the guarantee of the survival of the factory.Should be responsible for their own work

Technical engineer

  1. According to the process requirements of each style, ironing each part carefully
  2. Carefully check all parts during ironing, and timely hand in quality inspection if any problems are found
  3. Ironing process is the last process in the garment production process, so the ironing technologist is the quality person, and should actively and seriously do a good job of the essential work, good quality control
  4. Carefully keep product and output records
  5. Be sure to turn off the power when you leave work

Packing personnel responsibility system

  1. Tidy up. Tidy up and clean up threads
  2. The clothes with quality problems shall be delivered to the quality inspection department for timely treatment
  3. Carefully fold each piece of clothing
  4. To distinguish code number, color ratio, do not mistake the installation
  5. Check logos and trademarks.Code label. Washing label. Hangtag.Bag label and style number should correspond one to one
  6. After the packaging is completed, the report should be timely and accurate

The team leader

  1. Organize and respected leaders the staff of the group
  2. Do a good job of connecting and getting out of work, carefully clean the pieces and other parts of the sample, check the cutting mouth and locate the eye
  3. Master the production process and technical requirements of this style
  4. Organized and arranged the working procedures of the staff
  5. Guided the technical work of the staff to improve the quality and quantity of products
  6. Spot check semi-finished products and deal with problems in time to avoid a large number of reverse work
  7. Carefully record the attendance and performance of the team members
  8. Carefully record the output and do the handover work well

Sewing worker

1.Keep a good mood to do everything well

  1. Strive to improve technology, improve product quality and quantity, quality is the guarantee of the survival of the factory, quantity is the premise of economic benefits
  2. Do a good job of this process carefully, and timely reverse the quality problems of the last process to avoid a large number of reverse work
  3. Check this process frequently and deal with problems such as jumper, broken line and inconsistent process line in time
  4. If there is any reverse working of the product in this process, it should be corrected in time
  5. Take good care of public health and maintain their own machines

Save electricity. Turn off the machine when you leave and form a good habit

Security hazard

  1. The workshop director shall urge relevant personnel to check every corner of the workshop and do a good job in safety inspection before going off work every day.
  2. After work, urge the relevant personnel to close the doors and Windows, check whether the doors and Windows are properly closed before the door is locked, clean up all personnel in the workshop, and close all circuits in the workshop.

3, do a good job in fire prevention, anti-theft and other safety work, do safety first.

4, do a good job in production safety and fire protection and other aspects of the publicity work.

  1. All flammable products and kindling are strictly prohibited to enter the production workshop. Smoking is prohibited in the workshop.
  2. Urge each employee to form the habit of leaving the office, and remind the relevant personnel to check the security regularly.

 

Production process

Production preparation

Incoming inspection of face and accessories → technical preparation → plate-making → sample testing → sample sealing → making process documents → cutting → sewing → confirming the first piece (washing the first cylinder) → keyhole nail button → ironing → clothing inspection → packaging → warehousing and shipping.

Inspection of fabric accessories

According to the detailed occurrence of short yards/less phenomenon in the invoice, I shall personally participate in the inventory and confirm the delivery date of the bulk goods. I shall be responsible for the determination of the delivery date of the bulk goods and the inspection of the appearance and internal quality of the fabrics after they enter the factory. I shall also confirm that the fabrics meet the production requirements before they can be put into use. Before mass production, technical preparation should be carried out first, including the formulation of process sheet, sample and sample clothing production. After the sample clothing is confirmed by the customer, it can enter the next production process. The fabrics are cut and sewn into semi-finished products. After some woven fabrics are made into semi-finished products, they must be finished and processed according to special technological requirements, such as garment washing, garment sand washing, twisting and wrinkling effect processing, etc. Finally, they must go through the auxiliary process of keyhole nail button and ironing process, and then they are packaged and stored after passing the inspection.

Check the unit consumption/accessories according to customer’s confirmation, and report the specific data to the company in written form. If there is any material shortage, timely implement material replenishment and inform the customer. If there is excess to report to customers after the end of the bulk goods returned to the warehouse for preservation, to save the use, to eliminate waste phenomenon.

Because the quality of grey cloth is directly related to the quality and output of finished products, so before cutting, it is necessary to check the number of pieces, size, density, batch number and line density according to the cutting cloth ingredients list, and check the grey cloth according to the standard one by one when inspecting the cloth. For example, color, needle leakage, holes, grease and so on must be marked and quality records of good fabric quality is an important link to control the quality of finished products. Through the inspection and measurement of incoming fabrics, the quality rate of garments can be improved effectively. Fabric inspection includes appearance quality and internal quality of two aspects. The appearance of the main inspection of the fabric whether there is damage, stains, weaving defects, color difference and so on. The sand-washed fabric should also pay attention to whether there are sand-washed defects such as sand track, dead pleat, and crack. The defects that affect the appearance should be marked out in the inspection and avoided in the cutting. The inner quality of fabric mainly includes shrinkage rate, color fastness and gram weight (m meters, ounce) three contents. During the inspection sampling, representative samples of different varieties and colors produced by different manufacturers should be cut for testing to ensure the accuracy of the data. At the same time, the auxiliary materials into the factory should also be tested, such as elastic shrinkage rate, adhesive lining adhesion fastness, zipper smooth degree and so on. The auxiliary materials that cannot meet the requirements are not put into production and used.

Technical preparation

Receive samples, original materials, according to the process requirements (refer to the customer’s original sample), make reasonable cardboard, and make a record of various technical process, responsible for the technical problems encountered in the production process.

According to the sample time stipulated by the customer and the factory department, arrange the production of sample clothes, and make a good chance. When making sample clothes, if the process sheet is not clear, take the initiative to put forward to the documentary or to the factory director, let them discuss with the customer, not make their own decisions.

Check the materials of the process sheet carefully, the original sample clothes, clearly understand the customer’s requirements, size, raw materials and ingredients, etc., when making the approved sample clothes for the customer, in order to facilitate the production of the workshop as the principle, and suggest the sewing process that can be simplified. After the sample is finished, compare the original sample with the process sheet and send it out after confirmation.

According to the mother plate according to the size table, fabric shrinkage rate adjustment board. Launch the board of other size, and do a good job of sample examination, the text on the sample, tufts, embroidery, style number, anyway, etc. Try to indicate.

If the factory has not produced the sample before, it shall arrange to produce the sample for confirmation before production, and inform the responsible person of the factory and the technical department of the factory of the inspection result in writing. Under special circumstances, it shall be submitted to the company or the customer for confirmation, and the production can be put into operation after rectification. Proofread the cutting sample of the factory before confirming the length of the plate. The unit consumption confirmation after detailed record shall be signed by the head of the factory and informed to start cutting. Before mass production, the technical personnel should first do the technical preparation work before mass production. The technical preparation includes the process sheet, the formulation of sample and the production of sample clothes. Technical preparation is an important means to ensure the smooth running of mass production and the final product to meet customer requirements. The craft list is a guiding document in the garment processing, which sets detailed requirements on the specifications, sewing, ironing and packaging of the garment, and also makes clear the details such as the collocation of the garment accessories and the stitch density. Each procedure in the garment processing should be carried out in strict accordance with the requirements of the process sheet.1. Sorted out the data of mass production (preproduction confirmation sample, sample modification comments, fabric color card, various accessories card, size table);2. Sewing requirements, sewing process and process diagram.3. Fabrics, accessories, plastic bags and cartons needed for mass production; Ironing method, confirmation packing method and packing allocation.

Sample production requires accurate size, complete specifications. The contour lines of the relevant parts are exactly consistent. The pattern should be marked on the clothing style number, position, specification, the direction and quality requirements of the grain, and in the relevant stitching place stamped with the composite stamp of the pattern.

Make the pre-production: make the correct pre-production sample with the bulk surface accessories (if there is no material, it can be temporarily replaced, but it needs to be clearly marked), follow up and approve (including the process, size, accessories, style, etc., in short, it is the pre-production sample).

After the completion of the process sheet and sample work, can carry out the production of small batch sample clothes, according to the customer and process requirements timely correction of discrepancies, and process difficulties to tackle, so that the mass flow work smoothly. After the confirmation and signature of the customer, the sample becomes one of the important inspection bases. Be able to find some possible problems in production in time, and ask customers whether to modify. When writing the process, we should pay attention to: 1: whether the material is correct.2: whether the size is “accurate”.3: whether the style is wrong.4: whether the workmanship is meticulous.5: whether the finished product color is “correct”.6: there is no missing material.7: Whether the material can arrive at the processing plant as scheduled.8: Is there a problem with the time?

Before production, to test out the working hours of each process, make process sheet, and find the workshop director to confirm, and to modify.

In the initial stage of production, we must carry out high standard inspection of semi-finished products in each workshop and each process. If there is any problem, we should report to the factory manager and relevant management personnel in time, and supervise and assist the factory to implement the rectification.

Each workshop after the first finished product, to its size, workmanship, style, technology to carry out a comprehensive and detailed inspection. In the middle of 20-30 pieces to see if there is water washing, pick 20 shampoo cylinders. After washing, issue inspection report (early/middle/late stage of mass production) and rectification opinions, and leave one copy of the factory and one copy of the factory and fax to the company after being signed and confirmed by the person in charge of the processing plant.

Record and summarize the work every day, and make the work plan for tomorrow. Make production schedule in advance according to the delivery time, record the cutting progress, production progress, finished products and the number of production machines in detail daily, and implement the schedule and supervise the factory.

Production progress should be reported to the company. Supervise and assist the factory to implement the production and quality requirements put forward by the customer or the company during the factory inspection, and report the implementation status to the company in time. After the finished products enter the finishing workshop, the quality of ironing and packaging of the actual operators should be checked at any time, and the packaged finished products should be sampled from time to time. Problems should be found and dealt with as soon as possible. Try our best to ensure the quality and delivery of the bulk goods.

After the bulk packing is completed, the cutting details should be checked with the packing list to check whether each color and each number are consistent. If there is any problem, we must find out the reason and solve it in time.

Summing up the coordination, problems, response and handling ability of each link in the production process and the whole order operation, and reporting to the company’s supervisor in written form.

After processing, clean up and recover all remaining fabrics and accessories in detail. And return it to the warehouse.

Materials discharging, cutting process

Requirement cloth inspection – discharging – sample – material – cutting – write number – bundling.

Discharging is generally used, one-way, two-way, arbitrary, etc. Cutting is generally used in the way of cutting, commonly used flat sets, each set, set, splicing sets, splicing sets and so on.

Before cutting, we should first draw the discharging diagram according to the sample. “completeness, reasonableness and saving” is the basic principle of discharging. The main technological requirements in the cutting process are as follows:

(1) Check the correct sample, and check the number of pieces corresponding to the sample to see if there are any mistakes, such as losing pieces, lining pieces, and dreadlocks. Make corrections to the technical personnel in time. In accordance with the bulk quantity of collocation, arrangement of bulk goods. After the arrangement, calculate the single consumption according to the total quantity of the bulk goods. Report the loss to the merchandiser for confirmation. When the sample should also be based on the customer for the fabric of the discharge of a variety of fabric consumption, and reported.

(2) after each batch of large goods fabric to do according to the fabric situation of 100 clothes (Piping), shrinkage rate (50*50 square). Shrinkage rate includes natural shrinkage and wash water shrinkage. Natural shrinkage, natural shrinkage refers to the natural shrinkage of fabric after ironing or fabric relaxation in mass production; The correct shrinkage of the fabric should be tested in the same way as the washing type of the bulk garment. If the garment is not washed, the fabric should only be measured after being inflated with a steam iron. Washing shrinkage, washing shrinkage refers to the quality of the shrinkage fabric after washing clothing, generally including cloth seal, color, feel (texture);The color difference, the edge difference, the segment difference, the door width discrepancy, the shrinkage rate is too large to be required to return the cloth.

(3) Different batches of dyed or sanded fabrics should be cut in batches to prevent color difference on the same garment. For a fabric in the existence of color difference phenomenon to carry out color difference, positioning discharging. When the material arrangement, pay attention to the fabric of the tuft and the direction of the piece of silk is in line with the process requirements, for the fabric (such as velvet, velvet, corduroy, etc.) can not be inverted line arrangement, one-way according to customer requirements, or a direction, otherwise there will be heavy hair, backlight, etc. Otherwise, it will affect the depth of the clothing color.(4) when dragging material, confirm the fabric anyway. Mop smooth, moderate tightness, the number of samples to check, pay attention to avoid defects, measure width, cylinder, mop. For the laminated fabric, attention should be paid to the alignment and positioning of the laminated material in each layer to ensure the coherence and symmetry of the laminated material on the garment. Special attention should be paid to knitting, fleece, fold cloth and other fabrics with strong scalability to put the cloth in advance, natural shrinkage 24 hours in cutting, so as not to cut the piece is too small.(5) cutting requires accurate cutting, straight and smooth lines. Shop type should not be too thick, fabric on the lower layer is not biased knife. The error between the cutting piece of the same specification and the sample should not exceed 0.2cm, and the tooth cutting depth should not exceed 0.6cm. It is not necessary to have different pieces of the same size. (6) Write the number according to the template, and the card number should be 0.6cm from the edge (including the number), the font size should be clear, the number should be changed clearly, and the number should be written on each piece.(7) Care should be taken not to affect the appearance of the garment when using the taper mark. After cutting, the quantity should be counted and the film should be examined, and the clothes should be bundled into piles according to the garment specifications. The labels should be attached to indicate the style number, position and specifications.

(8) each cut an order, the cloth head cloth tail left for standby, good for the workshop of the need to match the pieces.

(9) do a good job of mop records, check the single consumption.

Sewing the garments

Stitch

Because the fabric of the fabric has the characteristics of longitudinal and transverse extensibility (i.e. elasticity) and the disadvantage of the edge coil easy to come loose, the stitching of the knitted fashion should meet the following requirements :(1) the stitching should have the tensile and strength that is suitable for the knitted fabric. (2) stitching should be able to prevent the fabric coil loose.(3) the density of the seam is properly controlled. For example, the stitch density of thick fabric is controlled at 9 ~ 10 stitches /2cm by overlay sewing machine, and the stitch density of thin fabric is controlled at 10 ~ 11 stitches /2cm by overlay sewing machine, and the stitch density of overlay sewing machine is controlled at 7 ~ 8 stitches /2cm by overlay sewing machine. According to customer requirements.2.The sewing thread shall meet the following quality requirements :(1) Pure cotton thread (sewing thread) used for sewing machine shall be combed cotton thread, which has high strength and uniformity.(2) The sewing thread should have a certain elasticity, which can prevent the thread from breaking due to the twists and turns of the thread or squeezing during the sewing process.(3) The suture must be flexible.(4) the sewing thread must be dry and smooth, to reduce the blocking or friction in the online groove and pinhole of the sewing thread, to avoid the defects such as broken thread and uneven thread tension. Determine line number and color according to customer’s requirement. 3. Sewing needle sewing machine needle also known as sewing needle, machine needle. In order to achieve the ideal match of sewing needle, material and thread, it is necessary to choose the right sewing needle. Sewing is the central process of garment processing. According to style and craft style, garment sewing can be divided into machine sewing and hand sewing. In the sewing process of the implementation of flow work. Sticky interlining is widely used in garment processing, including woven interlining and non-woven interlining. Its function is to simplify the sewing process, make the garment quality uniform, prevent deformation and wrinkle, and play a certain role in garment modeling. Its kind is in the majority for bottom cloth with non-woven cloth, woven fabric, knitwear, the use of aggrandizement lining should undertake choice according to garment fabric and place, want to master the time that glue, temperature and pressure accurately, such ability achieves better result.

Technical operation rules of adhesive workers:

  1. In strict accordance with the technical requirements, the garment pieces should be adhered to the lining operation, and the wrong lining shall not be adhered to, and less or more adhered to is strictly prohibited.

2 in strict accordance with the process requirements, adjust the temperature and pressure of the adhesive lining machine, shall not appear sticky, uneven bonding and bonding is not strong and other phenomena.

  1. Pay attention to both sides of the fabric and the interlining during lining operation. It is strictly prohibited to stick the interlining to the front of the fabric or report the problem of the gluing machine in time

In garment processing, the stitches are connected with each other and arranged on the garment pieces according to certain rules to form a firm and beautiful stitch. There are basically four types of trace: 1.Chain stitch A chain stitch is made up of one or two stitches connected in a series. A single thread is called a single thread chain seam. Its advantage is that the number of lines used per unit length is less, and its disadvantage is that when the chain line is broken, side lock detachment will occur. Double stitch is called double thread chain stitch, which is made of a needle and hook thread. Its elasticity and strength are better than lock stitch, and it is not easy to come loose at the same time. Single-thread chain stitch is often used in the hem of the jacket, the slip of the trousers, the fastening of the suit jacket and so on. Double-thread chain stitch is often used for the stitching of edge and dart seam, back seam and side seam of trousers, elastic band and other parts that are more stretched and stressed.2.Lock stitch, also known as shuttle stitch, is made up of two stitches that are cross-connected in the stitching material. The two ends of the stitching material have the same shape, and its tensile and elastic properties are poor, but the upper and lower stitching is close. Straight lock stitch is the most common stitching stitch. It is usually used for stitching two pieces of stitching material because of the small amount of stitching and poor tensile property. Such as sewing edge, province sewing, bagging and so on.3.Over-stitch stitch is a stitch which consists of several threads circulating in a series on the edge of the sewing material. It is named according to the number of stitches that make up the stitch (single stitch, double stitch…Six stitches. Its characteristic is that it can make the edge of the sewing material be wrapped and prevent the edge of the fabric from coming loose. When the seam is stretched, there can be a certain degree of mutual transfer between the surface line and the bottom line, so the seam has good elasticity, so it is widely used in the edge of woven fabrics. Three-thread and four-thread overstitches are the most commonly used hem stitches for woven garments. Five-line overstitch and six-line overstitch, also known as “composite stitch”, consist of a two-line overstitch combined with a three-line overstitch or a four-line overstitch. Its biggest characteristic is strong strength, can be closed and wrapped seam at the same time, so as to improve the density of seam and sewing efficiency. On the whole, the sewing of clothing should be neat and beautiful, and there should be no asymmetry, distortion, leakage, staggered seams and other phenomena. In the sewing of the lattice fabric, we should pay attention to the smooth connection of the pattern at the stitching place. The lattice is symmetrical around the left and right. The sewing line should be uniform and straight, and the arc should be smooth and round. There are no wrinkles and small folds at the tangent line of the garment surface. The suture is in good condition, without broken thread, floating thread, drawing thread, etc. Important parts such as collar tip should not be connected.

Lock button nailing

The keyholes and studs in clothing are usually made by machines. According to their shapes, the keyholes can be divided into flat and eye-shaped holes, commonly known as sleep holes and pigeon eye holes.1, the hole

Widely used in shirts, skirts, trousers and other thin clothing products.

Pigeon eye hole

It is mostly used for coat, suit and other thick fabrics. The keyhole should pay attention to the following points:

(1) Whether the buttonhole position is correct.

(2) Whether the size of buttonhole matches the size and thickness of buttons.

(3) Whether the buttonhole opening is cut well.

(4) scalability (elastic) or very thin clothing, to consider the use of keyhole in the inner layer of cloth reinforcement. The sewing of buttons should correspond to the position of buttonholes, otherwise it will cause distortion and skew of clothing due to incorrect button position.

When fastening, attention should also be paid to whether the amount and strength of the fastening line is enough to prevent the buttons from falling off, and do not appear core column flowering, playing crooked, rotation, holes and other bad phenomena. Whether the number of wound stitches on the clothing of thick fabric is sufficient.

Clothing Ironing

Ironing people commonly used “three points sewing seven points ironing” to adjust the ironing is an important process in clothing processing. Be sure to confirm the ironing method, in strict accordance with customer requirements ironing. Ensure the ironing table is clean and hygienic. When folding and ironing, it is necessary to operate in strict accordance with the process requirements to ensure uniformity. To ensure that clothing products are not polluted, to strictly implement the “three without an end” provisions, that is, no splash, no light, no hemp printing, to eliminate hot paste. In accordance with the regulations, the equipment should be regularly maintained to ensure that the appearance of the equipment is clean. In case of machinery and equipment failure, the equipment maintenance personnel should be informed in time and the machine should not be dismantled without authorization. When using a steam iron, be careful not to use steam. When the operator leaves the machine, it should be turned off at any time.

In the process of operation, the buckle with good pieces, to neatly stacked, not littered. Ironing tools should be placed on the bracket, not directly on the cutting board with a piece of clothing, so as not to burn the cutting board. When the operator leaves the ironing table, it is necessary to remove the power plug in time. There are three main functions of the ironing :(1) remove the wrinkles of the clothing material through spraying and ironing, and fold the flat clothes.(2) After heat setting processing, the garment shape is smooth, pleats and lines are straight.(3) Use the “return” and “pull” ironing techniques to appropriately change the fiber shrinkage and the density and direction of the fabric’s warp and weft organization to shape the three-dimensional shape of the garment, so as to meet the requirements of human body shape and activity state, so that the garment can achieve the purpose of beautiful appearance and comfortable wearing. The four basic factors that affect fabric ironing are temperature, humidity, pressure and time. Ironing temperature is the main factor affecting the ironing effect. Grasping the ironing temperature of various fabrics is the key problem in finishing garments. Ironing temperature is too low to achieve ironing effect; Ironing temperature is too high will damage the clothes caused by ironing damage. The ironing temperature of various fibers is also affected by contact time, moving speed, ironing pressure, whether there is a pad, the thickness of the pad and whether there is moisture. The following phenomena should be avoided in ironing :(1) the aurora and ironing phenomenon on the surface of clothing caused by too high ironing temperature and too long time. (2) Small corrugated wrinkles and other ironing defects on the garment surface.(3) the existence of leakage hot parts.

Garment inspection

Finishing product inspection is a comprehensive inspection before leaving the factory, including appearance quality and internal quality of two items, appearance inspection content has dimensional tolerance, appearance defects, seam fastness and so on. Internal inspection items are fabric weight per unit area, color fastness, shrinkage rate and so on. Garment inspection should run through the cutting, sewing, keyhole fastening, ironing and other processing process. In order to ensure the quality of the products, the finished products shall be fully inspected before the packaging is put into storage. The main contents of finished product inspection are :(1) whether the style is the same as the confirmed sample.(2) Whether the dimensions and specifications meet the requirements of the process sheet and sample clothing.(3) Whether the stitching is correct, whether the stitching is regular and plain.(4) check whether the clothing of the lattice fabric is correct.(5) Whether the fabric thread is correct, whether there are defects or oil stains on the fabric.(6) Whether there is color difference problem in the same garment.(7) whether the ironing is good.(8) whether the adhesive lining is firm, whether there is a phenomenon of infiltration of glue.(9) Whether the thread ends have been repaired.(10) Whether the garment accessories are complete.(11) Whether the size marks, washing marks and trademarks on the clothing are consistent with the actual contents of the goods, and whether their positions are correct.(12) Whether the overall shape of clothing is good.(13) Whether the packing meets the requirements.

Shipment or warehousing

The packing of clothing can be divided into two kinds: hanging packing and box packing. The box packing is generally divided into inner packing and outer packing. The inner packing means that one or more pieces of clothing are put into a plastic bag. The style and size of the clothing should be the same as that indicated on the plastic bag. The packaging should be smooth and beautiful. Some special styles of clothing in the packaging to carry out special treatment, such as wrinkled clothing to the twisted form of packaging, in order to maintain its styling style. The outer packing is usually packed in cartons. Size and color matching are carried out according to customer requirements or process instructions. The packaging form is generally mixed color code, single color code, single color code, single color code, single color code. When packing, please note that the quantity is complete and the color and size are matched accurately. The outer cases shall be marked with packing marks, indicating customer, port of shipment, packing number, quantity, place of origin, etc., and the contents shall be consistent with the actual goods.

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